In this article we provide an update to Timothy S. Chapin’s article, “From Growth Controls, to Comprehensive Planning, to Smart Growth: Planning's Emerging Fourth Wave,” published in 2012 in the Journal of the American Planning Association. It takes advantage of a decade of insight into national planning and development trends, as well as our experience with growth management in Florida to rethink this fourth wave. Notably, forces have emerged to fight centralized, state and local-directed land planning, led by a powerful development industrial complex. We conclude that growth management may struggle to remain a centerpiece of the planning profession unless it embraces some new ideas and new policy models.
Chapin, Tim and Stevens, Lindsay E.
"Growth Management's Fourth Wave, Revisited,"
Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy: Vol. 5
, Article 26, 327-335.
Available at: https://readingroom.law.gsu.edu/jculp/vol5/iss1/26